Gum (Periodontal) Disease
In its early stage gum disease is known as gingivitis and caused by the long-term effects of plaque buildup and deposits. If plaque is left unchecked it hardens and turns into tartar. Plaque and tartar produce and becomes a harder substance, tartar. Bacteria found in plaque and tartar produce toxins which can irritate the gums and cause swelling, inflammation and redness. Symptoms of gingivitis can include red or puffy gums, bleeding when brushing or flossing, sore gums or bad breath and a sour taste in the mouth.
If gingivitis is left untreated it can develop into a more serious condition, known as periodontitis.
This condition causes the gum to pull away from the teeth and the formation of pockets. Subsequently, these small spaces can become infected and result in bone loss, ligament destruction, abscess development and eventually tooth loss. Periodontitis is one of the most common reasons for tooth loss among older adults and has been linked to more serious health conditions including diabetes, premature birth, heart disease and stroke.
Gum disease is quite common and most people experience it in some form throughout their lives. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms described above contact our team to arrange a consultation.
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